Liver malignancy

Liver cancer starts in liver cells. Your football-sized liver resides in the upper right abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach.


– Losing weight without trying – Loss of appetite – Upper abdominal pain – Nausea and vomiting – General weakness and fatigue


Liver cells produce DNA mutations that cause cancer. Each cell's DNA controls every chemical action in the body. These instructions alter with DNA mutations. 

Risk factor

Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) increases your risk of liver cancer. 


Alcohol use should be limited. This limits ladies to one drink each day. Men should limit their beverages to two each day.

Get vaccinated

Vaccinating against hepatitis B reduces risk. Even newborns, older persons, and those with impaired immune systems can receive the vaccination.  

Take measures to prevent hepatitis 

Don't have unprotected intercourse until you're sure your partner doesn't have HBV, HCV, or another STD.

Seek treatment 

Treatments are available for hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections. Research shows that treatment can reduce the risk of liver cancer.

Cancer screening

For the general population, screening for liver cancer hasn't been proved to reduce the risk of dying of liver cancer, and it isn't generally recommended. 

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