Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma

Mouth cancer refers to several mouth-related malignancies. Most often on the lips, tongue, and floor of the mouth, but occasionally in the cheeks, gums, roof, tonsils, and salivary glands. 

Symptom

A lump in your neck , loose teeth, swelling or a sore on your lip that won't heal , difficult or painful swallowing , changes in speech ,bleeding or numbness in the mouth.

Causes

– human papillomavirus (HPV) – epstein-barr virus (EBV) – family history of mouth cancer – poor oral hygiene and gum disease – exposure to the sun

Diagnosis of mouth cancer

In an endoscopy, a flexible tube (endoscope) is used to examine the nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box) and pharynx (throat). 

Treatment

Tests such as CT and MRI scans help to determine how far the cancer has spread. Staging helps your doctor decide on the best treatment options for you.

Screening for mouth cancer

Australia has no national mouth cancer screening program. Talk to your doctor about symptoms. Visual inspection and fluorescence are also used by dentists to detect oral cancer.

Preventing mouth cancer

Around 59% of Australian oral cancers are smoking-related. Drinking too much causes 31%. Quitting smoking and drinking moderately will greatly lower your chance of mouth cancer.

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